Course Descriptions

FNCE604 - Preparation Course for the Corporate Finance (FNCE 612) Placement Exam

This course is intended for those students wishing to prepare for the Placement Exam into FNCE612. The FNCE612 course will fullfill the core requirement in financial analysis in half a semester, instead of the usual full semester in the FNCE 611 course. Only the students with some prior knowledge of financial analysis (either by course work or by practical experience), or with some strong analytical backgrounds should consider taking this course and the Placement Exam. Together FNCE 604 and FNCE 612 form the foundation for subsequent courses in corporate finance, security analysis, investments, and speculative markets. Their purpose is to develop a framework for analyzing a firm's investment and financing decisions. FNCE 604 will provide an introduction to present value and capital budgeting techniques under certainty. The FNCE 612 course will start where FNCE 604 stops, and will cover capital budgeting techniqes under uncertainty, asset valuation, the operation and efficiency of capital markets, and the optimal capital structure of the firm

Prerequisites: Since the emphasis is on the fundamental concepts underlying modern finance, the approach in both FNCE 604 and FNCE 621 will be analytical and rigorous, and requires some familiarity with accounting, mathematical, and statistical tools.

FNCE611 - Corporate Finance

This course serves as an introduction to business finance (corporate financial management and investments) for both non-majors and majors preparing for upper-level course work. The primary objective is to provide the framework, concepts, and tools for analyzing financial decisions based on fundamental principles of modern financial theory. The approach is rigorous and analytical. Topics covered include discounted cash flow techniques; corporate capital budgeting and valuation; investment decisions under uncertainty; capital asset pricing; options; and market efficiency. The course will also analyze corporate financial policy, including capital structure, cost of capital, dividend policy, and related issues. Additional topics will differ according to individual instructors.

Prerequisites: ACCT 611/612/613; MGEC 612/611; STAT 613/621 prerequisite or concurrent.

FNCE612 - Accelerated Corp Finance ( Course Syllabus - 2015C)

This course is intended for students with prior knowledge of finance or with strong analytical backgrounds. Together with the pre-term preparation course (FNCE604) the foundation for subsequent courses in corporate finance, corporate valuation, investments, and financial derivatives. Its purpose is to develop a framework for analyzing a firm's investment and financial decisions. This course will start where FNCE604 ends. More precisely, it will provide an introduction to capital budgeting techniques under uncertainty, asset valuation, the operation and efficiency of capital markets, the optimal capital structure and dividend policy of the firm and options. In short, it will cover all the topics of a typical semester-long finance introductory class in six weeks. This course assumes that students are familiar with the material covered in FNCE 604. As a result, it is only available to those students who successfully passed the Finance Placement Exam at the end of the pre-term. This course is not suitable for students new to finance and with limited analytical backgrounds. This course is hard. The pace is fast and it requires a major investment of time and effort outside class.

Other Information: Q-1 Half Semester course

FNCE613 - Macroeconomics and the Global Economic Environment

This course is required for all students except those who, having prior training in macroeconomics, money and banking, and stabilization policy at an intermediate or advanced level, can obtain a waiver by passing an examination. The purpose of FNCE 613 is to train the student to think systematically about the current state of the economy and macroeconomic policy, and to be able to evaluate the economic environment within which business and financial decisions are made. The course emphasizes the use of economic theory to understand the workings of financial markets and the operation and impact of government policies. Specifically, the course studies the determinants of the level of national income, employment, investment, interest rates, the supply of money, inflation, exchange rates, and the formulation and operation of stabilization policies.

FNCE614 - Corporate Finance ( Half CU)

This course serves as an introduction to corporate investments for non-majors. The primary objective is to provide a framework, concepts, and tools for analyzing financial decisions based on fundamental principles of modern financial theory. The approach is rigorous and analytical. Topics covered include discounted cash flow techniques, corporate capital budgeting and valuation, investment decisions under uncertainty, and capital asset pricing. This course will not cover the following topics included in FNCE 611, the full semester Corporate Finance course: market efficiency, corporate financial policy (including capital structure, cost of capital, dividend policy, and related issues), and options. Please Note: This course will not count towards the Finance Major. Format: Primarily lecture. Grading based on problem sets, one or two cases, and a final exam.

Prerequisites: ACCT 611/612/613; MGEC 612/611; STAT 613/621 prerequisite or concurrent.

FNCE615 - Macroeconomics and The Global Economic Environment (Half CU)

FNCE 615 Introduction To Macroeconomics and The Global Economic Environment (Half Cu) is intended for non-finance majors. It is a half-semester course in macroeconomics, with an emphasis on current events and policy applications. The goal of this course is to provide the foundation needed to recognize and understand broad economic and financial movements in the global economy. Key topics include national income accounting, production and economic growth, employment, business cycles, monetary and fiscal policy, and international finance. By the end of this course, students will be able to evaluate and discuss the global economic environment in which business and financial decisions are made. PLEASE NOTE: This course will not count towards a Finance Major

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or FNCE 612

FNCE717 - Financial Derivatives

The purpose of this course is to provide the student with the necessary skills to value and to employ options, futures, and related financial contracts. In order to provide a useful treatment of these topics in an environment that is changing rather rapidly, it is necessary to stress the fundamentals and to explore the topics at a technical level. The topics that will be covered include the valuation of futures contracts on stock indices, on commodities and Treasury instruments; the valuation of options, empirical evidence, strategies with respect to these assets, dynamic asset allocation strategies, or which portfolio insurance is an example, swaps, and the use (and misuse) of derivatives in the context of corporate applications. One-third of the course will be devoted to futures, a third to options, and a third to their applications. Many of the applications will be sprinkled along with the coverage of futures and options.

Prerequisites: The following introductory Finance and Statistics courses are recommended but not required. FNCE 611 or FNCE 612; STAT 613: FNCE 613 may be taken concurrently.

FNCE719 - International Financial Markets

FNCE 719 is a course on international financial markets and exchange rates. Topics include pricing in the foreign currency and Eurocurrency markets, use of forward exchange for hedging, short-term returns and market efficiency in the international money markets, foreign currency options, international capital asset pricing, pricing of foreign currency bonds, currency swaps, Eurocurrency syndicated loans, foreign currency financing and exposure management.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or FNCE 612; FNCE613 may be taken concurrently.

FNCE720 - Investment Management

This course studies the concepts and evidence relevant to the management of investment portfolios. Topics include diversification, asset allocation, portfolio optimization, factor models, the relation between risk and return, trading, passive (e.g., index-fund) and active (e.g., hedge-fund, long-short) strategies, mutual funds, perfermance evaluation, long-horizon investing and simulation. The course deals very little with individual security valuation and discretionary investing (i.e., "equity research" or "stock picking").

Prerequisites: The prerequisites for MBA students are FNCE 611 or FNCE 612; and STAT 613 or STAT 621 Given that investment management requires one to analyze and deal effectively with uncertainty, a good grounding in statistics is essential, and familarity with statistics should extend through multiple regression, covariance, and correlation.

FNCE721 - Real Estate Investment: Analysis and Financing

This course provides an introduction to real estate with a focus on investment and financing issues. Project evaluation, financing strategies, investment decision making and real estate capital markets are covered. No prior knowledge of the industry is required, but students are expected to rapidly acquire a working knowledge of real estate markets. Classes are conducted in a standard lecture format with discussion required. The course contains cases that help students evaluate the impact of more complex financing and capital markets tools used in real estate. There are case studies and two mid-terms, (depending on instructor). Cross-listed with REAL 721.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or FNCE 612.

Other Information: Lecture with discussion required

FNCE725 - Fixed Income Securities

This course covers fixed income securities (including fixed income derivatives) and provides an introduction to the markets in which they are traded, as well as to the tools that are used to value these securities and to assess and manage their risk. Quantitative models play a key role in the valuation and risk management of these securities. As a result, although every effort will be made to introduce the various pricing models and techniques as intuitively as possible and the technical requirements are limited to basic calculus and statistics, the class is by its nature quantitative and will require a steady amount of work. In addition, some computer proficiency will be required for the assignments, although familiarity with a spreadsheet program (such as Microsoft Excel) will suffice.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 and STAT 621

FNCE726 - Advanced Corporate Finance ( Course Syllabus - 2010A)

The objective of this course is to study the major decision-making areas of managerial finance and some selected topics in financial theory. The course reviews the theory and empirical evidence related to the investment and financing policies of the firm and attempts to develop decision-making ability in these areas. This course serves as an extension of FNCE 611. Some areas of financial management not covered in FNCE 611 are covered in FNCE 726. These may include leasing, mergers and acquisitions, corporate reorganizations, financial planning, and working capital management, and some other selected topics. Other areas that are covered in FNCE 611 are covered more in depth and more rigorously in FNCE 726. These include investment decision making under uncertainty, cost of capital, capital structure, pricing of selected financial instruments and corporate liabilities, and dividend policy.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or FNCE 612; FNCE 613.

FNCE728 - Corporate Valuation ( Course Syllabus - 2016A)

The focus of this course is on the valuation of companies. Topics discussed include discounted cash flow techniques and valuation using alternative valuation techniques such as price multiples. Emphasis is on developing the required information for valuation from financial statements and other information sources.

Prerequisites: Minimum of normal first-year courses in accounting, economics, statistics, and FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613 (further coursework in financial accounting such as ACCT 742 is very useful).

FNCE730 - Urban Fiscal Policy

The purpose of this course is to examine the financing of governments in the urban economy. Topics to be covered include the causes and consequences of the urban fiscal crisis, the design of optimal tax and spending policies for local governments, funding of public infrastructures and the workings of the municipal bond market, privatization of government services, and public financial systems for emerging economies. Applications include analyses of recent fiscal crises, local services and taxes as important determinants of real estate prices, the infrastructure crisis, financing and the provision of public education, and fiscal constitutions for new democracies using South Africa as an example.

Prerequisites: MGEC 621, FNCE 611

Other Information: Lectures. There is a mid-term and final exam.

FNCE731 - International Corporate Finance

This course analyzes financial problems corporations face that result from operating in an international environment. Major topics covered are corporate strategy and the decision to invest abroad, international portfolio diversification, managing exchange risk, taxation issues, cost of capital and financial structure in the multinational firm, and sources of financing. Departmental Website: Registration: Registration for MBA electives is handled through the MBA Course Auction. For questions about core courses or MBA electives that don't appear in the course auction please contact the MBA Program Office. Non-MBAs interested in graduate classes must work throught the academic department and the MBA Program Office.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612 - A thorough knowledge of Corporate Finance is assumed

FNCE732 - International Banking

This course focuses on international financial institutions and international banking activities. We will examine how current and historical events are reshaping the industry. We will focus on the basic analytics of managing a bank's exposure to liquidity, credit, market and country risk. In addition, we will consider how to evaluate and compare the risk exposures and performance of individual banks. Throughout the semester we will discuss public policy issues such as international debt crises and regulation.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613. One, but not both, can be taken concurrently.

FNCE738 - Capital Markets ( Course Syllabus - 2013A)

The objective of this course is to give you a broad understanding of the instruments traded in modern financial markets, the mechanisms that facilitate their trading and issuance, as well as, the motivations of issuers and investors across different asset classes. The course will balance functional and institutional perspectives by highlighting the problems capital markets participants are seeking to solve, as well as, the existing assets and markets which have arisen to accomplish these goals. We will consider design, issuance, and pricing of financial instruments, the arbitrage strategies which keep their prices in-line with one another,and the associated economic and financial stability issues. The course is taught in lecture format, and illustrates key concepts by drawing on a collection of case studies and visits from industry experts.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613.

FNCE739 - Behavioral Finance

There is an abundance of evidence suggesting that the standard economic paradigm - rational agents in an efficient market - does not adequately describe behavior in financial markets. In this course, we will survey the evidence and use psychology to guide alternative theories of financial markets. Along the way, we will address the standard argument that smart, profit-seeing agents can correct any distortions caused by irrational investors. Further, we will examine more closely the preferences and trading decisions of individual investors. We will argue that their systematic biases can aggregate into observed market inefficiencies. The second half of the course extends the analysis to corporate decision making. We then explore the evidence for both views in the context of capital structure, investment, dividend, and merger decisions.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613. Recommended: FNCE 720 and FNCE 726.

FNCE750 - Venture Capital and the Finance of Innovation

This course covers the finance of technological innovation, with a focus on the valuation tools useful in the venture capital industry. These tools include the "venture capital method," comparables analysis, discounted cash flow analysis, contingent-claims analysis, and real options. The primary audience for this course is finance majors interested in careers in venture capital or in R&D-intensive companies in health care or information technology.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 and FNCE 613 - FNCE 613 may be taken concurrently

FNCE751 - The Finance of Buyouts and Acquisitions ( Course Syllabus - 2016C)

The focus of this course is on buying (or acquiring controlling stakes in) firms. The main topics to be covered are mergers and friendly acquisitions, hostile takeovers and buyouts. Using case studies, the course surveys the drivers of success in the transactions. While issues regarding motive and strategy will be discussed, financial theory would be the main lens used to view these control acquiring transactions. This will allow students to (1) evaluate transactions through valuation approaches and (2) structure deals employing financial innovation as a response to legal framework and economic frictions. This course should be of interest to students interested in pursuing careers as private equity investors, advisors in investment banking and corporate managers that deal with these issues. This course assumes familiarity with valuation analysis. During the spring semester students are not permitted to take this course pass fail.

Prerequisites: Pre-Requisites FNCE 611 and FNCE 613 (Or 612) - C0-Requisites FNCE 726 or FNCE 728 may be taken concurrently.

FNCE754 - Impact Investing

This course explores Impact Investing, a discipline that seeks to generate social benefits as well as financial returns. From tiny beginnings, the Impact Investment space has expanded and now commands significant attention from policymakers, wealthy and public-spirited individuals, academia and, not least, the world's largest asset managers and philanthropic foundations. Evangelists believe it may be the key to freeing the world from poverty. Skeptics think it will remain confined to the boutique. Regardless, Impact Investing is becoming a distinct career specialization for finance professionals despite the diverse skillset each must have and the uncertainty of the new field's growth.

Prerequisites: Prerequisites This course has no specific prerequisites, but given its wide-ranging subject matter, students will benefit from completion of any of the following Wharton courses: FNCE 613 Macroeconomics and the Global Economic Environment; FNCE 720Investment Management; FNCE 738 Capital Markets; and FNCE 895 Private Equity. Coursework or practical experience in microeconomics, development economics, international philanthropy, Non-Governmental Organizations, financial risk management and political risk analysis will also be useful.

FNCE756 - Finance Energy

The objective of this course is to provide students with detailed knowledge of corporate structures, valuation methods, project finance, risk management practices, corporate governance issues, and geo-political risks in the energy industry. In general, this course seeks to provide students with an overall context for understanding energy issues and risks, and how these might affect financing and investment decisions for both providers of energy and end-users of energy.

Prerequisites: The prerequisites for the course are FNCE 726-Advanced Corporate Finance or FNCE 728-Corporate Valuation. Students who receive permission to enroll without the prerequisites are expected to review the relevant topics as necessary to meet the requirements of the class.

FNCE883 - Strategic Equity Finance

This course combines lectures and cases, and will go through actual situations where companies need to make strategic decisions on raising equity capital. We will address different phases of a comany's life cycle. Through these cases, from the decision-makers perspective, we will explore the different paths that can be taken and consider issues such as investor activism, governance and regulatory and valuation impact. FNCE 883 is a half semester course offered in Q3 of the spring semester.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 - Corporate Finance

FNCE884 - ASP - Advanced Topics in Private Equity

This course will address a variety of applied topics in private equity (PE), with a focus on growth and later-stage buyout transactions (venture capital is not explicitly addressed in this course), and a primarily U.S.-centric view that should be largely applicable in other markets. In addition, the course will focus on the transaction stage of PE investing i.e., the art of the deal and mostly leave aside deal sourcing, portfolio management and investor relations. The goal of this course is to educate students about the substance, process and mechanics of PE investing, through the lens of the investment professionals, counterparties and advisors that drive transactions to completion. Course topics will address the entire deal process, and will include the following: Commercial Diligence (incl. financial modeling); Debt Financing; Accounting Diligence; Sales & Purchase Agreements; Comps Analysis; and Other Advisory Work. Throughout the course, students will learn about each element of the deal process through in-class lectures, while concurrently apply those learnings to a real-time mock deal, and preparing dealmaterials that mirror a real private equity transaction. The in-class lectures will cover both conceptual frameworks and real-world examples.

Prerequisites: Successful completion of core finance requirements, FNCE 611 and FNCE 613, as well as FNCE 726 or FNCE 751; special permission can also be requested based on relevant professional experience.


The course exposes students to this fast-growing and exciting intersection between finance (Fin) and technology (Tech) while emphasizing the role data and analytics play. The course is structured around three main FinTech areas: (i) Lending/Banking services, (ii) Clearing (iii) Trading. It provides specific coverage and examples of developments from(1) peer-to-peer lending, (2) blockchain and distributed ledgers, (3) networks and their use in trading, and (4) algo trading and its use of non-standard inputs. In each of these areas, we start by analyzing the marketplace, and the incumbents, and the business case and strategies of the incoming technology-based players, while understanding the role data and analytics play in driving the technology-based services. The course is built arund a large number of examples and cases, guest lectures, student presentations, and group projects. Student are thus expected to work in teams and demonstrate a high level of independent learning and initiative.

Prerequisites: A thorough knowledge of FNCE 611 is assumed


This course will cover critical aspects and characteristics of hedge funds and the hedge fund industry. It will look at the legal foundations and structures of hedge funds including the primary regulations in the U.S. and abroad that are most relevant for hedge funds. It will also present the major hedge fund strategies, describe operation, control, administration, due diligence and valuation issues. Performance evaluation and investing in hedge funds from the investor's perspective will be discussed as will be issues of potential changes in regulation, risk management, and the use of leverage.

The format of the course will mix lectures with presentations from industry participants, hedge fund managers, those who invest in hedge funds, those who advise them and provide services to them, and those who regulate them. Those who want to launch a hedge fund, join an existing one, invest in one, or provide services to one will want to register for this course.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or FNCE 612

FNCE890 - Advanced Study Project in Finance -

FNCE 890


Prerequisites: Indicated in the announcement of seminar topics before the Auction-------- REAL OPTIONS - Prerequisities: FNCE 601 and FNCE 602


This course familiarizes students with financial, strategic and legal issues associated with the restructuring of financially distressed firms. The objective is to give students tools necessary to deal with the often-complex situation facing a failing firm. The participants will gain a basic understanding of the various options available for distressed firms, such as out-of-court workouts, exchange offers, prepackaged and pre-negotiated bankruptcies, distressed asset sales, 363 auctions, and Chapter 11 reorganization. We will explore the difference between economic and financial distress, and the implications for the restructuring process. Since bankruptcy provides a threat point for any distressed restructuring, the course reviews key issues of the legal framework governing bankruptcy and reorganization in the U.S. and internationally. Finally, we will consider distressed debt as an asset class and develop techniques for investing in distressed securities. The course is case based, providing ample opportunity to practice valuation of distressed companies, and hosts several guest speakers from the restructuring industry. It should be of interest for a range of careers, including private equity, investment banking, and turnaround management.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613; FNCE 726 and FNCE 728 or permission of the professor.

Other Information: The course's content will be presented using a mixture of lectures, case studies, and guest speakers. The speakers will be Wharton alumni with leadership roles in the restructuring industry as managers, advisors, and investors.

FNCE892 - Financial Engineering

This class covers advanced pricing models for equity, fixed income and credit derivatives. It aims at: 1) Introducing the main models used in practical applications to price and hedge derivatives; 2) Understanding their comparative advantages and limitations, as well as how they are calibrated and applied. As part of team assignments, students will be asked to calibrate and implement the models introduced in the class using software of their choice.

Prerequisites: Students are required to either take Financial Derivatives or Fixed Income with a grade of A- or better. Students who do not satisfy this prerequisite should obtain the instructor's permission to enroll.

FNCE893 - Global Monetary and Financial Institutions: Theory and Practice ( Course Syllabus - 2011C)

This course aims to provide the future global manager and financial analyst with the knowledge on policies set by central banks, regulators and governments toreach the goals of price and financial stability as well as support of growth and employment. The core of the course connects between the formal and actual goals that central banks follow and the related economic analysis on which the goals and the policies are set. We will explain the economic rationale for the policy prescriptions to reach the goals and how these are implemented using institutional framework in the US, the European Central Bank (ECB), Israel and remarks on other countries. We use data, current events and events of the 2007-2012 financial crisis as a basis for discussion and assignments. All these are aimed at understanding how and why the Federal Reserve of the US (the Fed), The bank of Israel (BOI) and the European Central Bank (ECB) set their policies and how that is related to academic research on these issues.

Prerequisites: FNCE 611 or 612; FNCE 613; STAT 613.

Other Information: Requirements; Final examinations (60%-passing grade is required); three out of four assignments done by teams of 3-4 students (30%); active participation in class discussion (10%)

FNCE894 - Managing Fixed Income Portfolios

The goal of this course is to teach you how to manage a real portfolio of Treasury, sovereign, corporate and mortgage bonds. We develop three basic models for the Treasury yield curve, corporate and sovereign credit spreads, and use these models to find value in the bond market. To implement the concepts learned in class, students form teams to manage a paper portfolio using Barclays Point, a state-of-the-art portfolio management system. Your team trades a $1 billion portfolio of bonds for which your goal will be to outperform the Barclays Aggregate Index. You trade real securities at real prices - only the money is fake. We begin by relating the term structure of interest rates to the market's view of the fundamental macroeconomic states of growth, unemployment, and inflation. To do this we need to understand a multifactor term structure model, which extends the Vasicek model you studied in the prerequisite course. Any bond other than a Treasury has an embedded option, either to default, prepay, or in some other way reduce the promised payments to bondholders. Robert Merton was the first to recognize explicitly that any corporate bond can be evaluated by calculating the value of the default option. Merton's model and its extensions are currently the state of the art models used in asset management firms for valuing bonds.

Prerequisites: FNCE 725 Fixed Income Securities

FNCE895 - Private Equity.

This course will be a survey of the private equity asset class. Its objective is to provide an understanding of the concepts, agents, and institutions involved in the late stage corporate private equity market in the U.S. and around the globe. It will examine the buyout market and the activities of buyout funds from the differing perspectives of private equity investors, private equity fund sponsors, and managers of the portfolio companies. The course will be taught almost entirely with cases. Distinguished Wharton alumni in the private equity industry will be our guest speakers for many of the cases based on transactions they concluded. While this course is primarily intended for graduate students, admission may be granted to a limited number of interested undergraduate students. PLEASE NOTE: this course may be recorded for live or subsequent distribution, display, broadcast, or commercialization in any media, including video, audio, or electronic media. For additional information, see the course syllabus or contact the department.

Prerequisites: FNCE 726 and FNCE 751 or permission from the instructor.

FNCE896 - Finance in Europe

This is a short seminar on finance in Europe. Its objective is to bring students, academics and several industry experts together to study financial markets, practice, and institutions in Europe. The course will primarily examine the following areas: 1.Current challenges in European markets and Euro Zone 2.Political economy of European Union 3.Alternative Investments 4.Investment Banking & Cross Border Mergers and Acquisitions. We will cover the above topics by studying the practice and transactions in Europe with a comparison to USA and rest of the world. This is a half unit course and it is designed for Wharton MBAs. Exceptionally motivated undergraduate students are also welcome to take the course.

FNCE897 - Finance In The Middle East & North Africa

This is a Wharton Global Modular Course on finance in the Middle East and North Africa. Its objective is to bring students, academics and industry experts together to study financial markets, practice, and institutions in this region.

Other Information: Course Format - This course will be taught through cases and lectures. Guest Lecturers - Distinguished practitioners will lecture and conduct case discussions. Our guest lecturers will bring their experience and insights to the classroom.